Mikhneva Svetlana Georgievna, Doctor of economic sciences, professor, head of sub-department of economics and world economy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Ryzhkova Yuliya Anatol'evna, Candidate of economic sciences, associate professor, sub-department of economics and world economy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Petrukhina Elena Olegovna, Applicant, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Background. At the present time the issue of studies of the informal sector has become topical primarily due to the fact that the informal economy unites qualitatively dissimilar activities, fully or partially not subordinate to the formal standards of management, without being backed by contracts and recorded by the statistical records. The composition of the informal economy is quite heterogeneous and includes the shadow and criminal activity, domestic labour providing self-sufficiency of families and network exchanges between households on non-market basis. The purpose of the work is to define a typology of the informal sector of economy on the basis of the selection criteria.
Materials and methods. In this work, depending on the features of the tasks, different methods of economic research were used: abstractlogical – when setting the goals and objectives of the research; comparative analysis – to reveal the peculiarities of formal and informal sectors of the economy and other issues addressed in the work; induction and deduction – for determination of the definitions of the main criteria of the informal economy typology. Theoretical basis of the study consisted of the works by Russian scientists, in particular, S. Y. Barsukova, and foreign (L. A. Munro, P. Doeringer, J. Losby, G. S. Fields and others) economists on the influence of the informal sector on the national economy. Information and empirical base of the research includes materials from periodicals and the Internet.
Results. In the course of the study the authors analyzed the approaches to the typology of the informal sector, identified the main criteria of classification of the informal sector of the economy, compared the formal and informal sectors of the economy.
Conclusions. Thus, the informal economy includes such different forms that it is difficult to give them only the right definition. For a more complete definition one must allocate its main criteria: legality; type turnover; the result of activity; assessment of the state bodies; taxation; terms and conditions of employment; the initiative of the counterparty.
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